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妇产科相关图片
词汇对照表
参考书目
  | 词汇对照表
Gynecologist 妇科学家
Oncologist 肿瘤学家
Endocrinologist 内分泌学家
Pathologist 病理学家
Cytologist 细胞学家
Perinatologist 围产学家
Neonatologist 新生儿学家
Radiologist 放射学家
Geneticist 遗传学家
Anesthetist 麻醉医师
Attending physician 主治医师
Resident physician 住院医师
Intern 实习医师
ANATOMY
Reproductive System (Genital System) 生殖系统
Genital tract 生殖道
ORGANS
vulva 外阴
mons pubis 阴阜
vestibule 前庭
clitoris 阴蒂
prepuse 包皮
labium major 大阴唇
Bartholin's gland 巴氏腺
labium minor 小阴唇
urethral orifice 尿道口
perineum 会阴
vagina 阴道
fornix 穹窿
uterus 子宫
corpus 宫体
fundus 宫底
isthmus 峡部
cervix 宫颈
endocervial canal 宫颈管
endometrium 子宫内膜
myometrium 子宫肌层
serosa 浆膜
Fallopian tube 输卵管
ampulla 壶腹部
fimbria 伞部
ovary 卵巢
cortex 皮质
medulla 髓质
hilum 卵巢门
Douglas pouch(Cul-de-sac) 子宫直肠窝
LIGAMENTS
broad lig. 阔韧带
round lig. 圆韧带
cardinal lig. 主韧带
uterosacral lig. 宫骶韧带
infundibulo-pelvic lig. 漏斗骨盆韧带
inguinal lig. 腹股沟韧带
sacrospinous lig. 骶棘韧带
BLOOD VESSELS
ovarian artery 卵巢动脉
uterine a. 子宫动脉
ascending branch 升支
desecnding branch 降支
common iliac a. 髂总动脉
externa iliac a. 髂外动脉
internal iliac a.(hypogastric a.) 髂内动脉
superior vesical a. 膀胱上动脉
abdominal aorta 腹主动脉
inderior vena cava 下腔静脉
inferior mesenteric a. 肠系膜下动脉
femoral a. 股动脉
great saphenous vein 大隐静脉
nutritional a. 营养动脉
NERVES
obturator n. 闭孔神经
pre-sacral n. 骶前神经
sympathetic n. 交感神经
parasympathetic n 副交感神经
MUSCLES
levator ani m. 提肛肌
pubococcygeous m. 耻骨尾骨肌
illiococcygeous m. 髂骨尾骨肌
sphineter ani m. 肛门括约肌
psoas major m. 腰大肌
PELVIC BONE
pubic bone 耻骨
pubic arch 耻骨弓
symphysis pubis 耻骨联合
pubic ramus(i) 耻骨支
ilium 髂骨
ischium 坐骨
ischial tuberosity 坐骨结节
ischial spine 坐骨棘
sacrum 骶骨
promontory 骶岬
sacroiliac joint 骶髂关节
coccyx 尾骨
verterbra(e) 椎骨
spinal column 脊柱
ABDOMINAL VISCERA AND STRUCTURE
peritoneum 腹膜
parietal peritoneum 壁层腹膜
visceral peritoneum 脏层腹膜
peritoneal reflection 腹膜反折
intraperitoneal 腹膜内
extraperitoneal 腹膜外
retroperitoneal
stomach 贲门
cardia 幽门
pylorus 胃底
intestine(Bowel)
small intestine 小肠
duodenum 十二指肠
jejunum 空肠
ileum 回肠
large intestine 大肠
ascending colon 升结肠
transverse colon 横结肠
desecnding colon 降结肠
sigmoid colon 乙状结肠
cecum 盲肠
appendix 阑尾
ileocecal junction 回盲部
rectum 直肠
anal canal 肛管
mesentery 肠系膜
mesocolon 结肠系膜
omentum 网膜
liver
spleen
pancreas
gall bladder 胆囊
kidney
ureter 输尿管
uriinary bladder 膀胱
utethra 尿道
diaphragm
ENDOCRINE ORGANS
pituitary gland(hypophysis) 垂体
supra-renal(adrenal) gland 肾上腺
throid gland 甲状腺
pancreatic island 胰岛
hypothalamus 下丘脑
PHYSIOLOGY
hypothalamic-hypophyscal-ovarian axis 下丘脑-垂体-卵巢轴
menstruation 月经
menstral cycle 月经周期
ovulation 排卵
ovulatory cycle 排卵周期
germinal epithelium 生发上皮
ovum 卵子
oocyte 卵细胞
ovarian follicle 卵泡
primordial follicle 始基卵泡
mature follicle 成熟卵泡
Atretie follicle 闭锁卵泡
corpus hemorrhagica 血体
corpus luteum 黄体
corpus albicans 白体
granulosa cells 颗粒细胞
thecal cells 泡膜细胞
Gonadotropin releasing hormone(GNRH) 促性腺激素释放素
luteotropic hormone releasing hormone(LHRH) 黄体生成素释放素
Gonadotropin 促性腺激素
follicle stimulating hormone(FSH) 卵泡刺激素
luteotropic hormone(LH) 黄体生成素
prolactin(PRL) 泌乳素
estrogen 雌激素
estradiol 雌二醇
estriol 雌三醇
estrone 雌醇
progesterone 孕醇
prenancdiol 孕二醇
androgen 雄激素
testosterone 睾醇
proliferative endometrium 增殖内膜
secretory endometrium 分泌内膜
basal body temperature (BBT) 基础体
follicular phase 卵泡期
luteal phase 黄体期
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) 绒毛膜促性腺激素
human plancental lactogen 胎盘催乳
pitocin 催产素
pitressin 后叶加压素
adrenal corticotropic hormone(ACTH) 促肾上腺皮质激素
thyroid stimulating hormone(TSH) 促甲状腺素
thytoxine 甲状腺素
adrenal cortical hormone 肾上腺皮质激素
adrenalin 肾上腺素
insulin 胰岛素
receptor 受体
estrogen receptor 雌激素受体
progesterone receptor 孕激素受体
adlolescence(puberty) 青春期
menarche 初潮
secondary sex characters 第二性征
menopause(climacteric) 绝经期
postmenopausal 绝经后的
EMBRYOLOGY AND GENETICS
gamet 配子
zygot 合子
embryo 胚胎
fetus 胎儿
endoderm 内胚层
mesoderm 中胚层
ectoderm 外胚层
coelom 体腔
urogenital ridge 泌尿生殖嵴
Wolffian duct(mesonephric duct) 中肾管
Mullerian duct(paramesonephric duct) 副中肾管
urogenital sinus 泌尿生殖窦
cloaca 泄殖腔
inheritance 遗传
chromosome 染色体
chromatin 染色质
chromatid 染色单体
autosome 常染色体
sex-chromosome 性染色体
long arm 长臂
short arm 短臂
centromere 着丝点
phenotype 表现型
karyotype 核型
dominant 显性
recessive 隐性
mitosis 有丝分袭
meiosis 减数分裂
oogenesis 卵子发生
diploid 二倍体
OBSTETICS
fertilization 受精
implantation 种植
pregnancy(gestation) 妊娠
decidua 蜕膜
amnion 羊膜
chorion 绒毛膜
chorionic villus 绒毛
trophoblast 滋养细胞
cytotrophoblast 细胞滋养细胞
syncytiotrophoblast 合体滋养细胞
fetal(amniotic) sac 胎(羊膜)囊
plancenta 胎盘
umbilicus
umbilical cord 脐带
umbilical vessels 脐血管
discoloration of cervix 宫颈着色
morning sickness 宫颈变软
fetal heart sound 胎心音
quickening 胎动
fundal height 宫高
amniotic fluid 羊水
twin 双胎
monozygotic(identical) twins 单合子双胎
dizygotic (biovular) twins 双合子双胎
triplet 三胎
gestational weeks 孕周
first trimester 早期妊娠
second trimester 中期妊娠
third trimester 晚期妊娠
term 足月妊娠
perinatal period 围产期
fetal maturity 胎儿成熟度
birth canal 产道
pelvis 骨盆
inlet 入口
outlet 出口
midplane 中腔
gynecoid pelvis 女性骨盆
android pelvis 男人型骨盆
anthropoid pelvis 类人猿型骨盆
platypelloid pelvis 扁平型骨盆
external conjugate 外结合径
diagonal conjugate 对角结合径
insterspinous diameter 棘间径
transverse diameter of outlet 外横径
side wall 侧壁
NORMAL LABOR
onset of labor 产程发动
labor pain 产痛
threatened labor 先兆临产
bloody show 血先露
rupature of membranes 破膜
parturation 生产
parturient 产程
primigravida 初孕妇
primipara 初产妇
multipara 经产妇
grand multipara 多产妇
fetal presentation 胎先露
fetal position 胎位
vertex presentation 顶先露
left occiput anterior(LOA) 左枕前位
right occiput posterior(ROP) 右枕后位
floating(head) 头浮
engagement 衔接
descending of presenting part 先露部下降
station of presentation part 先露部位置
effacement of cervix 宫颈消失
dilation of cervix 宫颈扩张
uterine contraction 宫缩
intensity 强度
duration 持续时间
interval 间歇
fitst stage of labor 第一产程
second stage of labor 第二产程
third stage of labor 第三产程
latent phase 潜伏期
acceleration phase 加速
deceleration phase 减速
flexion of fetal head 胎头俯曲
extension of fetal head 胎头仰伸
internal rotation 内旋转
external rotation 外旋转
crowning 着冠
delivery of baby 胎儿娩出
delivery of placenta 胎盘娩出
laceration of vaginal mucosa 阴道粘膜撕裂
laceration of perineum 会阴撕裂
postpartum 产后
puperium 产褥期
lochia 恶露
bloody lochia 血性恶露
serous lochia 浆液性恶露
involution of uterus 子宫复旧
lactation( breast feeding) 哺乳
colostrum 初乳
suppression of lactation(wraning the milk) 退奶
ABNORMAL PREGNANCY
nausea and vomitting of pregancy 妊娠呕吐
hyperemesis gravidarum 妊娠剧吐
abortion(miscarriage) 流产
threatened abortion 先兆流产
inevitable abortion 难免流产
incomplete abortion 不全流产
missed abortion 稽留流产
septic abortion 感染流产
habitual abortion 习惯流产
cervical incompetence 宫颈机能不全
ectopic pregnancy 异位妊娠
extrauterine pregancy 宫外孕
tubal pregancy 输卵管妊娠
tubal abortion 输卵管妊娠流产
ovarian pregancy 卵巢妊娠
abdominal pregancy 腹腔妊娠
hemoperitoneum 腹腔积血
high-risk pregancy 高危妊娠
hydroamnious(polyamnious) 羊水过多
oligohydramnious 羊水过少
toxemia of pregancy 妊娠中毒症
pregancy-induced hypertension(PIH) 妊高征
hypertensive disorders of pregancy 妊娠高血压疾患
pre-eclampsia 先兆子痫
eclampsia 子痫
convulsion 抽搐
premature rupture of membrane 胎膜早破
premature birth 早产
intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) 宫内生长迟缓
small for gestational age (SGA) 小于胎龄
large for gestational age (LGA) 大于胎龄
macrosomia 巨大儿
prolonged pregancy 过期妊娠
overdue (postdate) 过期
postmaturity 过熟
fetal distress 胎儿窘迫
fetal bradycardia 胎心过缓
fetal tachycardia 胎心过速
fetal heart irrythmia 胎心心律不齐
meconium-staining amniotic fluid 羊水粪染
intrauterine death 胎死宫内
contracted pelvis 骨盆狭窄
generally contracted pelvis 均小骨盆
flat pelvis 扁平骨盆
osteomalacic pelvis 骨质软化骨盆
funnel pelvis 漏斗骨盆
ABNORMAL LABOR
abnormal uterine contraction 异常宫缩
uterine inertia 子宫无力
hypotonic contraction 低张性宫缩
hypertonic contraction 高张性宫缩
tetanic contraction 强直性宫缩
constriction ring 缩窄环
pathologic retration ring 病理性缩窄环
impending of rupture of uterus 先兆子宫破裂
rupture of uterus 子宫破裂
history of previous cesarean section 前次剖宫产史
primipara with floating head 初产头浮
cephalo-pelvic disproportion 头盆不称
cervical dystocia 宫颈难产
abnormal presentation 胎位异常
persistent occiput posterior 持续性枕后位
persistent transverse arrest 持续性枕横位
breech presentation 臀位
frank breech 伸腿臀
footling 足先臀
incomplete breech 不完全臀位
transverse (shoulder) presentation 横位(肩先露)
face presentation 面先露
brow presentation 额先露
compound presentation 复合先露
prolapse of umbilical cord 脐带脱垂
shoulder dystocia 肩难产
locked twin 交锁双胎
conjointed twin 联体双胎
prolonged labor 产程延长
prolonged second stage 第二产程延长
obstetric shock 产科休克
antenatal hemorrhage 产前出血
placenta previa 前置胎盘
central (complete) 中央型
partial 部分型
low implantation 低置
abruption plancentae (premature separation of planceta) 胎盘早剥
concealed hemorrhage 隐性出血
revealed hemorrhage 显性出血
uteo-placental apoplexy 子宫胎盘卒中
amniotic fluid embolism 羊水栓塞
disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) 弥漫性血管内凝血
early postpartum hemorrhage 早期产后出血
late postpartum hemorrhage 晚期产后出血
puerperal hemorrhage 产祷期出血
retention of placenta 胎盘滞留
retention of placenra fragment 部分胎盘滞留
retention of fetal membranes 胎膜滞留
adherent placenta 胎膜粘连
placenta accreta 胎盘植入
placenta percreta 胎盘穿透
Sheehan's disease 席汉氏征
pueperal morbidity 产褥病率
pueperal infection 产褥感染
pueperal sepsis 产后败血症
puperal endometritis 产褥期子宫内膜炎
pelvic cellutitis 盆腔蜂窝质炎
frozen pelvis 冰冻骨盆
septic thrombophlebitis 感染性血栓性静脉炎
puerperal tetanus 产褥期破伤风
placenta duplex 双胎盘
placenta bipartita 双叶胎盘
placenta circumvallata 轮状胎盘
infarction of placenta 胎盘梗死
rupture of marginal sinus 边缘窦破裂
marginal insertion of umbilical cord 脐带边缘附着
velamentous insertion of umbilical cord 脐带帆状附着
vasa previa 血管前置
EXAMINATIONS AND TEST
pregnacy test 妊娠试验
radioimmunoassay for hCG hCG放免测定
ultrasonography (ultrasound scanning) 超声波检查
B-scan B型超声波扫描
ultrasonic estimation of fetal weight and maturity 超声波估价胎儿体重及成熟
ultrasonic localization of placenta 超声波定位胎盘
amniocentesis 羊膜穿刺
chorionic villi sampling 绒毛标本采取
chromosome analysis 染色体分析
fetoscopy 胎儿镜检查
fetoscope 胎儿镜
pelvimetry 骨盆测量
fetal heart monitoring 胎心监测
tocography 宫缩描记术
tocograph 宫缩描记
baseline fetal heart rate 胎心基线
variability 可变性
deccleration 减速
acceleration 加速
early deceleration 早减速
late deceleration 晚减速
prolonged deceleration 延长减速
varial deceleration 可变减速
non stress test (NST) 非应力试验
oxytocin challenge test (OCT) 催产素刺激试验
estimation of fetal lung maturity 胎儿肺成熟度估价
lecithin/sphimgomyelin ratio 卵磷脂/鞘磷脂比值
amnioscopy 羊膜镜检查
amnioscope 羊膜镜
fetal scalp blood sampling 胎儿头皮血取样
blood gas analysis 血气分析
MANAGEMENT AND OPERATION
termination of pregnancy 终止妊娠
therapeutic abortion 疗病流产
suction abortion 吸引流产
hysterotomy 子宫切开术
vaginal hysterotomy 经阴道子宫切开术
cerclage of cervix 宫颈环扎
intra-amniotic transfusion 羊膜腔内输血
artificial rupture of membranes (amniotomy) 人工破膜
manual stripping of membranes 人工剥膜
indution of labor by pitocin 催产素引产
indution of labor prostaglandin 前列腺素引产
oxytocin stimulation for uterine contraction 催产素刺激宫缩
manual rotation of fetal head 手转胎头
episiotomy 会阴切开术
medio-lateral episiotomy 会阴中侧切
median episiotomy 会阴正中切开
cervicotomy 宫颈切开术
obstetric forceps 产钳
midforceps delivery 中位产钳助产钳
lowforceps delivery 低位产钳助产钳
outlet forceps delivery 出口产钳助产钳
piper's forceps 后出头产钳
vacuum extractor 吸引器
vacuum extractor of fetal head 胎头吸引术
external version 外倒转
breech extraction 臀牵引
delivery of aftercoming head 后出头分娩
internal podalic version 内倒转
destructive operation 毁胎术
craniotomy 穿颅术
decapitation 断头术
cleidotomy 锁骨切断术
evisceration 去脏术
Cesarean section (C.S) 剖宫产
classical C.S 古典剖宫产
lower segment C.S 下段剖宫产
extraperitoneal C.S 腹膜外剖宫产
Cesarean hysterectomy (Porro's operation) 剖宫子宫切除术
manual removal of placenta 手取胎盘
NEWBORN (NORMAL AND ABNORMAL)
neonatal 新生儿的
birth weight 出生体重
anterior fontanelle 前囱
posterior fontanelle 后囱
biparietal diameter 双顶径
suboccipital bragmatic diameter 枕下前囱径
caput succedaneum 先锋头
molding of fetal head 胎头塑形
cephallohematoma 胎头血肿
cord around neck 脐带绕颈
true knot of umbilical cord 脐带真结
false knot of umbilical cord 脐带假结
umbilical hernia 脐疝
neonatal asphyxia 新生儿窒息
Apgar scoring 阿氏评分
cyanosis 紫绀
resuscitation of newborn 新生儿复苏
endotrachael intubation 气管内插管
birth injure 产伤
brachial palsy 臂丛麻痹
fracture of clavicle 锁骨骨折
fracture of humorus 肱骨骨折
cerebral hemorrhage 颅内出血(脑出血 )
fracture of skull 颅骨骨折
laceration of tentorium cerebelli 小脑幕撕裂
laceration of falx cerebri 大脑镰撕裂
meconium aspiration 胎粪吸入
aspiration pneumonia 吸入性肺炎
respiratory distress syndrom (RDS) 呼吸窘迫综合征
hyaline membrane disease (HMD) 透明膜病
atelectasis 肺不张
peumothorax 气胸
hemorrhagic disease of newborn 新生儿出血病
hemolytic disease of newborn 新生儿溶血症
hyperbilirubinemia 高胆红素血症
physiologic jaundice 生理性黄疸
isoimmunization 同族免疫
blood group incomaptibility 血型不合
hydrops fetalis 胎儿水肿
nucleae jaundice (Kernicterus) 核黄疸
phototherapy 光疗
exchange transfusion 交换输血
congenital anomaly (malformation) 先天畸形
hydrocephalus 脑积水
anencephalus 无脑儿
microcephalus 小头畸形
spina bifida 脊柱裂
meningocele 脑脊膜膨出
hare lip 兔唇
cleft palate 腭裂
Down's syndrom 先天愚型
GYNECOLOGY
ENDOCRINOLOGY AND FUNCTIONAL DISEASES
vaginal bleeding 阴道出血
functional uterine bleeding 功能性子宫出血
amenorrhea 闭经
hypomenorrhea 月经过少
oligomenorrhea 月经过稀
polymenorrhea 月经过频
menorrhagia 月经过多
metrorrhagia 子宫出血
dysmenorrhea 痛经
intermenstrual pain 经间腹痛
premenstrual tension 经前紧张症
menopause syndrom 更年期综合征
hot flush 潮热
emotional instability 情绪不稳定
osteoporosis 骨质疏松
postmenopausal bleeding 绝经后出血
anovulation 不排卵
anovulatory cycle 不排卵周期
hyperestrogenemia 高雌素血症
endometrial hyperplasia 子宫内膜增生
cystic hyperplasia 囊性增生
adenomatous hyperplasia 腺瘤样增生
atypical hyperplasia 不典型增生
polycystic ovarian syndrom (POCS) 多囊卵巢综合征
hirsutism 多毛
virilism 男性化
hypothalamic amenorrhea 下丘脑性闭经
pituitary amenorrhea 垂体性闭经
hyperprolactinemia 高泌乳素血症
amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrom 闭经泌乳综合征
microadenoma of pituitary syndrom 垂体微腺瘤
premature ovarian failure 卵巢早衰
corpus luteum insufficiency 黄体功能不足
Asherman's syndrom (synechiac) 宫腔粘连
frigidity 性感冷淡症
dyspareunia 性交痛
infertlity 不孕
sterility 不育
primary sterility 原发不育
secondary sterility 继发不育
insufficient cervical mucus 宫颈粘液不足
tubal occlusion 卵管阻塞
unexplained infertility infections 不明原因不孕
vulvitis 外阴炎
Bartholin's gland abscess 巴氏腺脓肿
Bartholin's gland cyst 巴氏腺囊肿
vulvar folliculitis 外阴毛囊炎
ucleration of vulva 外阴溃疡
vaginalitis 阴道炎
trichomonas vaginitis 滴虫性阴道炎
monilial infection 念珠菌感染
candida albicans 白色念珠菌
senile vaginitis 老年性阴道炎
leukorrhea 白带
pruritus 瘙痒
cervicitis 宫颈炎
erosion of cervicitis 宫颈糜烂
pelvic inflammatory disease 盆腔炎性疾病
endometritis 子宫内膜炎
pyometra 宫腔积脓
parametritis 宫旁组织炎
salpingitis 输卵管炎
oophoritis 卵巢炎
pyosalpinx 输卵管积脓
hydrosalpinx 输卵管积水
tubo-ovarian abscess 卵管卵巢脓肿
tubo-ovarian cyst 卵管卵巢囊肿
pelvic abscess 盆腔肿脓
pelvic peritonitis 盆腔腹膜炎
genital tubercolosis 生殖器结核
venereal disease 性病
sexually transmitted diseases (STD) 性传播疾病
gonorrhea 淋病
gonococcus(i) 淋球菌
syphilis 梅毒
chancre 下疳
condyloma lata 扁平湿疣
chlamydia infection 衣原体感染
chlamydia trachomatis 沙眼衣原体
lymphogranuloma 淋巴肉芽肿
virus infection 病毒感染
human herpes virus 人类疱疹病毒
human papilloma virus 人乳头状瘤病毒
condyloma accuminata 尖锐湿疣
cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection 巨细胞病毒感染
third degree laceration (tear) of perineum 三度会阴撕裂
hematoma of vulva 外阴血肿
relaxation of pelvic support 盆腔支持组织松弛
cystocele 膀胱膨出
urethrocele 尿道膨出
urinary stress incontinence 张力性尿失禁
rectocele 直肠膨出
enterocele 肠疝
laceration of cervix 宫颈撕裂
ectopion (eversion of cervix) 宫颈外翻
elongation of cervix 宫颈延长
prolapse of uterus 子宫脱垂
decentia 二度子宫脱垂
procidentia 三度子宫脱垂
pelvic congestion syndrom 盆腔充血综合征
vesico-vaginal fistula 膀胱阴道瘘
urethro-vaginal fistula 尿道阴道瘘
uretero-vaginal fistula 输尿管阴道瘘
recto-vaginal fistula 直肠阴道瘘
displacement (malposition) of uterus 子宫移位
anteflexion 前屈
retroversion 后倾
retroflexion 后屈
inversion of uterus 子宫内翻
perforation of uterus 子宫穿孔
CONGENITAL ANOMALIES
imperforate hymen 无孔处女膜
transverse septum of vagina 阴道横隔
atresia of vagina 阴道闭锁
hematometra 宫腔积血
hematocolpos 阴道积血
congenital absence of vagina (agenesis of vagina) 先天性无阴道
longitudinal septum of vagina 阴道纵隔
oblique septum of vagina 阴道斜隔
double cervix (cervix duplex) 双宫颈
septate cervix 宫颈纵隔
congenital absence of uterus 先天性无子宫
uterus solidaris 无腔子宫
uterus septus 子宫纵隔
double uterus 双子宫
uterus didelphys 双子宫、双宫颈
uterus dicornis (unicornuate uterus) 双角子宫
arcuate uterus 弓形子宫
uterus unicornis (unicrnuate uterus) 单角子宫
rudimentary horn 子宫残角
rudimentary uterus 始基子宫
congenital agenesis of ovaries 先天性卵巢发育不全
intersex (hermaphroditism) 两性畸形
true hermaphroditism 真两性畸形
pseudo-hermaphroditism 假两性畸形
ovotestis 卵睾体
testicular feminizing syndrom 睾丸女性化综合征
Turner's syndrom 脱纳氏综合征
congenital adrenogenital sydrom 先天性肾上腺生殖综合征
genetic disease 遗传性疾病
chromosome aberration 染色体畸变
chromosome breakage 染色体断变
aneuploid 非整倍体
hypoploid 低倍体
hyperploid 超倍体
trisomy 三体
deletion 缺失
translocation 易位
sex-linkage 性连锁
sex-linked inheritance 伴性遗传
NEOPLASMS (BENIGN AND MALIGNANT)
neoplasms of vulva 外阴赘生物
papilloma 乳头状瘤
fibroma 纤维瘤
neurofibroma 神经纤维瘤
lipoma 脂肪瘤
hemangioma 血管瘤
lymphangioma 淋巴管瘤
vulva dystrophy 外阴营养障碍
Lichen sclerosis et atrophicus 萎缩硬化性苔癣
leukoplakia 粘膜白斑
leukoderma 白皮病
Paget's disease of vulva 外阴派杰氏病
intraepithelial carcinoma of vulva (Brown's disease) 外阴上皮内癌
squamous carcinoma 鳞癌
basal cell carcinoma 基底细胞癌
pigmented moles 色素痣
melanoma 黑色素瘤
neoplasms of vagina 阴道赘生物
Gartner's duct cyst 革氏囊肿
inclusion cyst 包涵囊肿
adenosis of vagina 阴道腺病
clear cell carcinoma of vagina 阴道透明细胞癌
neoplasms of cervix 宫颈赘生物
Nabothian cyst 那囊
endocervical polyps 宫颈内膜息肉
dysplasia of cervix 宫颈间变
atypical hyperplasia 不典型增生
carcinoma in situ (intraepithelial carcinoma) 原位癌
invasive carcinoma 侵润癌
microinvasive carcinoma 微侵润癌
adenocarcinoma of cervix 宫颈腺癌
botryoid sarcoma 葡萄状肉瘤
neoplasms of uterus 子宫赘生物
myoma (leiomyoma, fibromyoma,fibroid) of uterus 子宫肌瘤
subserous myoma 浆膜下肌瘤
intramural myoma 肌层内肌瘤
submucous myoma 粘膜下肌瘤
multiple myoma 多发肌瘤
pedunculated myoma 带蒂肌瘤
broad ligament myoma 阔韧带肌瘤
benign degeneration of myoma 肌瘤良性退行性变
cystic change 囊性变
hyaline change 玻璃样变
myxomatous change 粘液性变
red degeration 红色样变
sarcomatous change 肉瘤变
adenomyosis 子宫肌腺病
adenomyoma of uterus 子宫肌腺瘤
stromatosis of uterus 子宫内膜间质异位症
stromal sarcoma of uterus 子宫间质肉瘤
leiomyosarcoma of uterus 子宫平滑肌肉瘤
mixed mesodermal tumor of uterus 子宫中胚叶混合瘤
endometrial polyps 内膜息肉
endometrial carcinoma (carcinoma of corpus uteri) 子宫内膜癌(宫体癌)
adenocarcinoma of endometrium 子宫内膜腺癌
adenoacanthoma of endometrium 子宫内膜腺棘癌
adeno-squamous carcinoma of endometrium 子宫内膜腺鳞癌
neoplasms of ovary 卵巢赘生物
follicular cyst 滤泡囊肿
corpus luteum cyst 黄体囊肿
luteoma 黄体瘤
epithelial tumor 上皮性瘤
simple cyst 单纯囊肿
serous cystadenoma 浆液性囊腺瘤
mucinous cystadenoma 粘液性囊腺瘤
pseudomyxoma peritonei 腹膜粘液瘤
Brenner's tumor 卵巢纤维上皮瘤
borderline tumor 交界性肿瘤
papillary cystadenoma 乳头状囊腺瘤
papillary cystadenocarcinoma 乳头状囊腺癌
adenocarcinoma of ovary 卵巢腺癌
endometrioid carcinoma of ovary 卵巢子宫内膜样癌
clear cell carcinoma of ovary 卵巢透明细胞癌
ovarian cancer (carcinoma of ovary) 卵巢癌
peritoneal implantation 腹膜种植
omental cake 网膜饼
ascites 腹水
cackexia 恶液质
sex cord-stromal tumors of ovary (gonadal stromal tumors) 性索间质肿瘤
granulosa-cell tumor 颗粒细胞瘤
thecal-cell tumor 泡膜细胞瘤
feminizing tumors 女性化肿瘤
androblastoma 男性母细胞瘤
sertoli-cell tumor of ovary 卵巢支持细胞瘤
Leydig's cell tumor of ovary 卵巢间质细胞瘤
sex cord tumor with annular tubules (SCTAT) 环管状性索间质瘤
primary choriocarcinoma of ovary 卵巢原发绒癌
germ cell tumor of ovary 卵巢生殖细胞肿瘤
mature teratoma (cystic teratoma, dermoid cyst) 成熟畸胎瘤
immature teratoma (solid teratoma, malignant teratoma) 未成熟畸胎瘤
strumal ovarii 卵巢甲状腺瘤
endodermal sinus tumor (Yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma) 内胚窦瘤(卵黄囊瘤,胚胎性癌)
dysgerminoma (germinoma) 无性细胞瘤(生殖细胞瘤)
metastatic ovarian cancer 转移性卵巢癌
Krukenberg's tumor of ovary 卵巢库肯勃瘤
miscellaneous
endometriosis 子宫内膜异位症
endometrial nodules 子宫内膜异位结节
endometrial cyst 子宫内膜异位囊肿
chocolate cyst 巧克力囊肿
cyst of Morgagni 马氏囊肿
paraovarian cyst 副卵巢囊肿
methothelioma of peritoneum 腹膜间皮瘤
peritoneal papillary carcinoma 腹膜乳头状瘤
extraovarian scrous carcinoma 卵巢外浆液性癌
trophoblastic disease 滋养细胞病
gestational trophoblastic disease 妊娠滋养细胞病
hydatidiform mole (benign mole) 葡萄胎
complete mole 完全性葡萄胎
partial mole 部分性葡萄胎
residual mole 残存葡萄胎
invasive mole 浸润性葡萄胎
choriocarcinoma 绒癌
placenta-site choriocarcinoma 胎盘部位绒癌
DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURE
biopsy 活检
cervical biopsy 宫颈活检
cone biopsy 锥切活检
endometrial biopsy 内膜活检
diagnostic curettage 诊断性刮宫
fractional curettage 分段刮宫
cervical scraping 宫颈刮片
pap smear 巴氏涂片
endometrial smear 内膜涂片
colposcopy 阴道镜检查
colposcope 阴道镜
Schiller's test 席勒氏试验
endoscopy 内窥镜检查
endoscope 内窥镜
laparoscopy 腹腔镜检查
laparoscope 腹腔镜
culdoscopy 后穹窿镜检查
culdoscope 后穹窿镜
hysteroscopy 宫腔镜检查
hysteroscope 宫腔镜
cystoscopy 膀胱镜检查
cystoscope 膀胱镜
culdocentesis 后穹窿穿刺
peritonrocentesis 腹腔穿刺
thoracocentesis 胸腔穿刺
roentgenography 放射线检查
fluoroscopy X线透视
plain film 平片
hystero-salpingography 子宫输卵管造影
arteriography 动脉造影
Barium meal 钡餐
Barium enema 钡灌肠
intraveneous pyelography 静脉肾盂造影
retrograde pyelography 逆行肾盂造影
lymphography (lymphangiography) 淋巴造影
computerized tomography 电子计算机断层扫描
magnetic resonance imaging 核磁共振显像
radio isotope scan 放射性同位素扫描
renography 肾图
cervical mucus aborization test 宫颈粘液结晶试验
ferm 羊齿状结晶
postcoital test (Huhner's test) 交媾后试验
rubin test 卵管通气试验
hydrotubation 输卵管通液
progesterone withdrawal test 孕激素撤退试验
estrogen withdral test 雌激素撤退试验
determination 测定
measurment 测量
titer 滴定
bioassay 生物测定
immuoassay 免疫测定
radioimmunoassay 放射免疫测定
radioimmuo-imaging 放射免疫显像
monoclonal antibody 单克隆抗体
polyclonal antibody 多克隆抗体
enzyme-labeled immunoassay 酶标免疫测定
electrophoresis 电泳
chromatography 层析法
liquid chromatography 液相层析
gas chromatography 气相层析
flow cytometry 液式细胞计检查
fluorescence microscopy 莹光显微术
antigen 抗原
antibody 抗体
happen 半抗原
complement 补体
antigen-antibody complex 抗原抗体复合物
substrate 底物
globulin 球蛋白
immunoglobulin 免疫球蛋白
alpha-fetoprotein 甲胎蛋白
electrolytes 电解质
trace element 微量元素
complete blood count (CBC) 全血计数
urinalysis 尿分析
hematocrit 血球比积
cogulation time 凝血时间
bleeding time 出血时间
protrombin time 凝血酶原时间
TREATMENT (THERAPY)
thermotherapy 温热疗法
electrocoagulation 电凝法
electrocauterization 电烙
cryosurgery (cryotherapy) 冷冻
laser therapy 激光治疗
Pessary insertion 放置子宫托
OPERATIVE (SURGICAL) TREATMENT
surgical instruments 外科器械
instruments for microsurgery 显微外科器械
suture 缝线
suture material 缝合物质
silk 丝线
catgut 肠线
chromic catgut 铬制肠线
plain catgut 白肠线
synthetic suture material 合成缝线
absorbable suture material 可吸收缝线
nonabsorbable suture material 不可吸收缝线
nylon filament 尼龙丝线
steel wire 钢丝
retention suture 保留缝线
needle
curved needle 弯针
straight needle 直针
cutting needle 三角针
forceps
toothed forceps 齿镊
clamps
hemostat 止血钳
Kelly clamp 弯钳
mosquito clamp 蚊式钳
Allis clamp 鼠齿钳
needle holder 持针器
Kocker's forceps 柯克氏钳
sponge forceps 海绵钳
tenaculum 把持钩
scissors
bandage scissors 绷带剪
retractor 牵开器
self-retaining retractor 自动牵开器
Deever's retractor 弯形牵开器
trocar 套针
probe 探针
uterine sound 宫腔探针
hegar's dilator 海格氏扩张器
curet 刮匙
tourniquet 止血带
incision 切开
excision (rescetion) 切除
removal 切除
cutting
sewing
tying
dividing 离断
dissection 分离
a stitch 一针缝线
ligation 结扎
approximation 对合
anastomosis 吻合术
exploration 探查术
laparotomy 剖腹术
vulvectomy 外阴切除术
simple vulvectomy 单纯外阴切除术
radical vulvectomy 根治式外阴切除术
groin lymph node dissection 鼠蹊淋巴结切除术
local excision 局部切除
perineorrhaphy 会阴缝合术
repair of third degree tear 三度撕裂修补术
marsupialization 袋形缝合术
hymenectomy 处女膜切开
consrtuction of vagina 阴道再造术
anterior colporrhaphy 阴道前壁修补术
posterior colporrhaphy 阴道后壁修补术
Manchester operation 曼彻斯特手术
vaginal hysterectomy 阴式子宫切除
colpocleisis 阴道闭合术
vaginectomy 阴道切除术
conization of cervix 宫颈锥切
amputation of cervix 宫颈截除
sturmdorf suture 宫颈整形缝合
trachelorrhaphy 宫颈缝合术
cervicoplasty 宫颈成形术
hysterectomy 子宫切除术
subtotal (supravaginal) hysterectomy 次全子宫切除术
total hysterectomy 全子宫切除术
myomectomy 肌瘤剔除术
hysteroplasty 子宫成形术
radical hysterectomy 广泛式子宫切除术
subradical hysterectomy (extended hysterectomy) 次广泛子宫切除术(扩大的子宫切除术)
lymphadenectomy 淋巴结切除术
pelvic lymphadenoetomy 盆腔淋巴结切除
para-aortic lymphadenoectomy 腹主动脉旁淋巴结切除
pelvic exenteration 盆腔廓清术
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